Tag Archive: hepatitis


Hepatitis

WHAT IS HEPATITIS?

In the simplest term, hepatitis is defined as inflammation of the liver.  A more complex definition includes causes of hepatitis like autoimmune hepatitis (a disease occurring when the body makes antibodies against the liver tissue) and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins and alcohol.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are 4.4 million Americans living with chronic hepatitis, and many more are unaware that they have it.

RISK FACTORS & TYPES

Did you know you can get Hepatitis from contaminated food or water?  It’s important to know if have been exposed.  The 5 types of hepatitis are:

Hepatitis A

This type derives from an infection with the Hepatitis A virus (HAV). This type of hepatitis is most commonly transmitted by consuming food or water that has been contaminated by feces.

Hepatitis B

This type is transmitted through puncture wounds or contact with infectious bodily fluids such as; injection drug use, unprotected sex with an infected partner, or sharing razors with an infected person is activities that increase risk.

Hepatitis C

This type is transmitted through direct contact with infected bodily fluids also.

Hepatitis D

This type is contracted through puncture wounds or contact with infected blood. This is a rare form of hepatitis that occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection, and it is very uncommon in the United States.

Hepatitis E

This type is a waterborne disease mainly found in areas with poor sanitation and is typically caused by ingesting fecal matter. [1]

Note: Both Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C have contributed to the increase in rates of liver cancer in recent

decades. [1]

 

VACCINE PREVENTABLE

Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can both be prevented with vaccines. Cases of Hepatitis A have dramatically declined in the U.S. over the last 20 years largely due to vaccination efforts. [2]

Call Valley Health Care today and schedule your full physical including a blood panel.  The more share with your health care providers about your health history, the better equipped they are to develop the best plan-of-action to treat illness and disease.

[2]Cdc.gov

[1]Healthline.com


Jennifer Bell

Jennifer Bell has managed many specialty areas of healthcare including, kidney transplant, physical therapy and surgery. She combines her expertise in patient relations with her love of writing to bring awareness of health related issues. In her blog, Dreamlife Moments, she writes about mindfulness of time and recognizing more of the positive moments happening around us every day that creates a more positive life experience. Jennifer and her husband Byron are recent empty-nesters who enjoy traveling with their bichon Aissa, geocaching and volunteering wherever they go. Who is this chickie anyway? Connect with Jennifer on her Facebook Page, Blog and Twitter to find out more.

Valley Healthcare

See No Evil, Hear No Evil, Speak No Evil: Learn About Hepatitis

This year’s theme for World Hepatitis Day, “see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil” was used in social media by world famous entertainers in hopes to have the largest involvement in the education of hepatitis.

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

In particular, types A and E are typically caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Types B, C and D usually occur as a result of contact with infected body fluids. Hepatitis B and C has led to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people and, together, are the most common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer.

Acute infection may occur without symptoms or may include symptoms such as jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), abdominal pain, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and dark urine.

While all 5 types cause liver disease, they vary in important ways.

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is present in the feces of infected persons and is most often transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. Most people in areas of the world with poor sanitation have been infected with this virus. Safe and effective vaccines are available to prevent HAV.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is transmitted through exposure to infective blood, semen, and other body fluids. A safe and effective vaccine is available to prevent HBV.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is mostly also transmitted through exposure to infective blood. There is no vaccine for HCV.

Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infections occur only in those who are infected with HBV. The dual infection of HDV and HBV can result in a more serious disease and worse outcome. Safe and effective hepatitis B vaccines provide protection from HDV infection.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV), like HAV, is mostly transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. HEV is a common cause of hepatitis outbreaks in developing parts of the world. Safe and effective vaccines to prevent HEV infection have been developed but are not widely available.

If you or a loved one are living with hepatitis, visit The Hepatitis Foundation website at http://www.hepatitisfoundation.org/HEPATITIS/Living.html for tips on how to cope and prevent the further spread of infection.

For more information on how to get involved in Hepatitis awareness in your communities, please visit http://www.worldhepatitisalliance.org/en/who-what-where-when-and-how.html to learn what you can do to prepare for the next World Hepatitis Day.
Check with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention at http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/ before traveling abroad. And, most importantly, make sure you are up to date on your vaccinations by setting up an appointment with one of the caring physicians at Valley Healthcare by calling our main line at 706-322-9599.

Valley Healthcare System, Inc. is a 501(c)(3) Non-profit, Charitable Organization.

The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), in accordance with the Federally Supported Health Centers Assistance Act, as amended, sections 224(g)-(n) of the Public Health Service (PHS) Act, 42 U.S.C. 233(g)-(n), deems Valley Healthcare System, Inc. to be an employee of the PHS which provides liability protection under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA)

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