Valley Healthcare

Psoriasis in Babies and Children – A Manageable Condition

Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition associated with the immune system. It is a result of the body producing extra skin it cannot shed, which then piles up and forms lesions. The skin around the lesions turns red due to an increase in blood flow around the area. It can appear on any part of the body, but is especially prevalent in elbows, knees, and the lower back. These are two types of psoriasis: plaque psoriasis appears as red lesions covered with a white flake. Guttate psoriasis, most common in children, appears as smaller lesions and is triggered by a bacterial infection like strep throat.

An estimate of 20,000 children under 10 years old are diagnosed with psoriasis every year. There is no explanation for the cause of psoriasis, although genetics appear to be a factor (a third of all cases reported have some family connection). A child can be diagnosed with psoriasis with no family history, and almost half of psoriasis cases in babies and children occurs after an infection. It is especially important for parents to be aware of symptoms following an infection like strep throat, earache, or bronchitis. Psoriasis is most commonly mistaken for eczema. There’s no known cure for the condition, and treatment depends on the intensity of the lesions. Mild cases are treated with a combination of medication and moisturizer. More severe cases are with therapy and oral medication.

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